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|Georgia Regions and Native American Indians|
|June 20th, 2008 09:47 PM|
|Grade Level:||K, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8|
|Author(s):||Michele Beall and Karen Roberts|
|School/Organization:||Charles Elllis, Savannah; St. Jos., Athens|
|Rationale:||The geography of Georgia relates closely to its settlement history. This lesson is designed to introduce students to Georgia%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s geography and the Native Americans who settled in that area.|
|Objectives:||Students will become familiar with prominent physical features of Georgia as well as Native American Indian tribes that inhabited the areas.
Students will investigate the regions of Georgia and what is happening there today.
Students will determine why the Native American tribe%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s culture developed as it did in these areas.
|NCSS THEMATIC STRANDS:||STANDARD 3. g. People, Places, and Environments. Social studies programs should include experiences that provide for the study of people, places, and environments so that the learner can describe how people create places that reflect cultural values and ideals.
e. locate and describe varying landforms and geographic features and explain their relationships within the ecosystem.
|NATIONAL GEOGRAPHY STANDARDS:||STANDARD 4: The physical and human characteristics of places
STANDARD 15: How physical systems affect human systems.
|GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARDS:||SS2G1 The student will locate major topographical features of Georgia and will describe how these features define Georgia%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s surface.
a. Locate all the geographic regions of Georgia: Blue Ridge Mountains; Piedmont; Coastal Plain, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau.
b. Locate the major rivers : Ocmulgee, Oconee, Altamaha, Savannah, St. Mary%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s, Chattahoochee, and Flint.
SS2H2 The student will describe the Georgia Creek and Cherokee cultures of the past in terms of tools, clothing, homes, ways of making a living and accomplishments.
a. Describe the regions in Georgia where the Creeks and Cherokees lived and how the people used their local resources.
b. Compare and Contrast the Georgia Creek and Cherokee cultures of the past to Georgians today.
|Requirements and Resources:||%u00E2%u20AC%u00A2 4 -30-40 minute periods
%u00E2%u20AC%u00A2 Blank map of GA
%u00E2%u20AC%u00A2 GA physiographic map found at mabryonline.org/blogs/stephens/the_5_regions_of_georgia_.ppt
%u00E2%u20AC%u00A2 Glue Stick
|Checklist of Classroom Procedures:||Teacher will introduce Native American tribes and regions of Georgia by referencing the articles from the www. (see bibliography for web addresses). As each region and Native American tribe(s) that correlates to that area is discussed, students will apply the cut out of that feature to their map. The students will also list on the feature, its name, the tribe(s) associated, food(s), and housing type for each area. Important vocabulary, and their definitions, will be pointed out and copied by students on the back of the map.
Day 1 %u00E2%u20AC%u201C Cherokee Tribe/ Appalachian Plateau/ Ridge & Valley/ Blue Ridge
Day 2 %u00E2%u20AC%u201C Creek Tribe/ Piedmont/ Upper and Lower Coastal Plain
Day 3 %u00E2%u20AC%u201C Yamacraw Tribe/ Lower Coastal Plain
Day 4 %u00E2%u20AC%u201C Review and worksheet
|Concluding Activity:||Review game; review on day five, students will play a review game. Split into 2 groups, they will answer various questions related to the physical landforms and Indians previously reviewed. They will then be assessed on the various physical features, the Indians associated with them, and the vocabulary from this lesson|
|Quiz (Optional):||Using blank of Georgia, students will outline/draw the regions. On the reverse side, students will be required to answer questions regarding these areas and the indians who settled there. Questions should be developed using higher levels of Bloom%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s Taxonomy.|
|Enrichment Activities (Optional):||Students will develop a presentation comparing and contrasting the various regions and what is happening today as compared to back then. Students may work in groups and choose one region to research.|
|Vocabulary:||1. Creek %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a Native American tribe inhabiting the Piedmont region of GA and the extreme east and west sides of the Upper and Lower Coastal Plain of GA
2. Cherokee %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a Native American tribe inhabiting the Appalachian Plateau, the Ridge and Valley, and the Blue Ridge regions of GA
3. Yamacraw %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a Native American tribe which broke off from the Creek and Yamasee Native Americans from about 1720-1740. They lived in the Lower Coastal Plain in an area which would become Savannah, GA. This tribe and its leader Tomochichi were very influential in helping General James Oglethorpe in the founding of Savannah, the first colony in GA.
4. Appalachian Plateau - a region in the north western part of GA
5. Ridge & Valley - a region in the north western part of GA east of the Appalachian Plateau
6. Blue Ridge %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a region in the north eastern part of GA
7. Piedmont %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a region north GA south of the Ridge and Valley including the Atlanta and Macon areas
8. Upper Coastal Plain %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a region in GA south of the Piedmont including extreme southwest GA
9. Lower Coastal Plain %u00E2%u20AC%u201C a region in GA south and east of the Upper Coastal Plain including all of Georgia%u00E2%u20AC%u2122s coastline.
|Bibliography/References:||www.georgiaencyclopedia.org (keyword(s): geographic regions)
www.cviog.uga.edu/publications (keyword(s): The Georgia Studies Book; supplementary materials)
·Give each student a copy of the blank white map of GA and a copy of the colored one which can be found at http://www.mabryonline.org/blogs/ste...f_georgia_.ppt
Instructions for Cut and Paste for GA Regions
·After explaining and going over the regions in GA, have the students cut and paste the colored areas onto the white map. They should then copy the legend from the colored copy onto the pasted map. Display their work proudly!